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21 Sep

ChatGPT Diagnoses Patients ‘Like a Human Doctor,’ Study Finds

A new study suggests ChatGPT performs as well as doctors in diagnosing emergency department patients and may shorten hospital wait times.

Health News Results - 262

Prosthetic Legs Controlled by Person's Own Neural System Bring Natural Gait

"Smart"prosthetic legs can help amputees achieve a natural walking gait, but it's done through robotic sensors and algorithms that drive the limb forward at predetermined rates.

A better way would be to give people full control over the limb through their nervous system -- and that's just what an MIT research team says it's done.

An experimental surgical procedure combined with a cu...

Swimming 'Microbots' Could Speed Meds to Lung Tumors, Early Study Suggests

Scientists have developed microscopic robots capable of swimming through the lungs to deliver chemotherapy directly to lung cancer cells.

In early testing, these microbots  extended the average survival time of lab mice with melanoma that had spread to the lungs, according to a report publis...

Doctors Used See-Through Plastic 'Window' to Monitor Injured Man's Brain

California skateboarder Jared Hager has become the first person to receive a transparent skull replacement, which allows doctors to better view the function of his brain.

The window has allowed doctors to both monitor his progress and test new and better scanning methods for assessing brain health.

Hager, 39, of Downey, Calif., sustained a traumatic brain injury from a skateboarding...

Coming to Grips With a Third Thumb

A "Third Thumb"-- a robotic, prosthetic extra thumb -- is easy to use and can help folks grab and tote more objects, a new study says.

Hundreds of diverse test subjects at a science exhibition were able to figure out the extra thumb quickly and use it to pick up things like pegs and foam objects, researchers reported May 29 in the journal Science Robotics.

"Technology is ch...

Avoid Overheating Dangers When Recharging Medical Devices

If you use a medical device such as a blood glucose monitor or insulin pump, keeping it charged is a must. 

But devices that rely on a USB charger can overheat, which may cause minor injuries, serious burns or fires. That's why it's important to read, understand and follow the manufacturer's use and care directions and use only approved charging accessories.

The U.S. Food and D...

More Than 200 Insulin Pump Users Injured After App Causes Malfunction

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has issued a Class 1 recall -- its most urgent kind -- for an IOS app linked to a specific kind of insulin pump used by people with diabetes.


  • Ernie Mundell HealthDay Reporter
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  • May 9, 2024
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  • AI Might Boost Detection of A-Fib

    An artificial intelligence (AI) program trained to analyze cardiac ultrasounds can detect abnormal heart rhythms that a doctor is apt to overlook, a new study reports.

    "Atrial fibrillation can come and go, so it might not be present at a doctor's appointment," said corresponding author

  • Carole Tanzer Miller HealthDay Reporter
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  • May 7, 2024
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  • Small Pump May Let Kids Stay Home As They Await New Heart

    A small, implantable heart pump could help children await heart transplants at home rather than languishing in a hospital, according to a new study.

    The pump is surgically attached to augment the heart's blood-pumping action, giving more time to find a donor heart, researchers said.

    The pump worked well for seven children participating in a small-scale early trial of the device.


    AI Might Spot Rare Diseases in Patients Years Earlier

    Artificial intelligence might be able to identify patients who have rare diseases years earlier than they would typically be diagnosed, a new study says.

    A newly developed AI program was able to successfully identify people at risk of developing a rare immune disorder, researchers report in Science Translational Medicine

    AI Won't Replace ER Doctors Anytime Soon: Study

    Artificial intelligence might be able to help doctors by filling out rote paperwork, but it's not going to be useful in the ER anytime soon, a new study shows.

    OpenAI's ChatGPT program provided inconsistent conclusions when presented with simulated cases of patients with

  • Dennis Thompson HealthDay Reporter
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  • May 2, 2024
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  • More Medical Lab Tests Will Soon Face Federal Scrutiny, FDA Says

    Laboratory tests used by millions of Americans are soon to be classified as medical devices, and as such be regulated by U.S. Food and Drug Administration, the agency announced Monday.

    The new rule does not apply to tests and kits made by big medical device manufacturers -- those already face FDA review.

    Instead, the agency is widening its oversight to include thousands of tests ma...

    Many Seniors Are Overmedicated, But ChatGPT Might Prevent That

    AI could help doctors cut back on the bewildering variety of medications that seniors frequently are prescribed, a new study suggests.

    More than 40% of seniors are prescribed five or more meds, and this increases a person's risk of adverse drug interactions, researchers s...

    AI Matches Experts in Spotting Radiology Errors

    Artificial intelligence can serve as a helpful backup editor to radiologists, making sure their reports are accurate and reliable, a new study says.

    The OpenAI program GPT-4 performed about as well as a group of radiologists in detecting errors that had been placed into reports, according to findings published April 16 in the journal Radiology.

    "This efficiency in detecting...

    Brain's Cerebellum Could Help Direct Prosthetic Limbs

    Tapping the power of the small brain region called the cerebellum could improve patients' ability to move cutting-edge robotic limbs, a new study suggests.

    The cerebellum is an ancient structure located under the brain, just above where the spinal cord connects to the brain.

    This structure has largely been overlooked by prosthetics researchers in favor of the cerebral cortex, which ...

    Have Only Well-Off Americans Gained From Recent Strides Against Heart Disease?

    America is making headway against heart disease, with heart-related deaths declining over the past three decades.

    But it appears that only the well-to-do have benefitted, a new study shows.

    Heart attack rates have stayed the same or gotten worse among ...

    Abiomed Heart Pumps Linked to 49 Deaths

    A new warning is being issued over a heart pump whose use could perforate the heart.

    The device has already been linked to over 100 injuries and 49 deaths.

    These left-sided Impella heart pumps are made by Abiomed, a subsidiary of Johnson & Johnson MedTech. Abiomed posted the new

  • Ernie Mundell HealthDay Reporter
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  • April 1, 2024
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  • Urinary Implant Helps Alert When Patients 'Gotta Go'

    It's hard for some folks who suffer illness-related urinary incontinence to judge whether they'll be able to hold it until they get home, or if they should rush to a bathroom now.

    There might soon be a new app for that.

    A newly developed soft, flexible, battery-free implant attaches to the b...

    AI Can Help or Hinder a Radiologist's Accuracy, Study Finds

    Artificial intelligence tools don't always help radiologists better review a patient's X-rays or CT scans, a new study claims.

    AI has been touted as a potential means of improving doctors' ability to interpret medical images, the researchers said.

    However, the benefits of AI vary from ...

    Science Has Created a Cow That Produces Insulin in Its Milk

    There may be an unexpected fix for ongoing shortages of insulin: A brown bovine in Brazil recently made history as the first transgenic cow able to produce human insulin in her milk.

    "Mother Nature designed the mammary gland as a factory to make protein really, really efficiently," explained study leader Matt Wheeler, a professor ...

    Robotic Hip 'Exoskeleton' Helps With Stroke Rehab

    A new robotic hip exoskeleton could help stroke patients improve their walking stride, a new study shows.

    More than 80% of stroke survivors develop problems walking, often because their step is shorter on one side than the other, researchers explained in background notes.

    The hip exoskeleton helps people adapt their stride by forcing both legs to take similar strides, researchers re...

    New AI Tool Could Diagnose Ear Infections

    A new smartphone app can help doctors more accurately diagnose ear infections in babies and small children, potentially reducing unnecessary antibiotic use in kids, researchers report.

    Ear infections -- known by doctors as acute otitis media (AOM) -- can be difficult to diagnose, as they require a trained eye to detect subtle clues from a brief view of the eardrum of a wriggly baby, resea...

    Healthy Fashion: Earrings That Track Your Wellness

    A new pair of earrings have joined the plethora of wearable technology that can help track wellness, researchers report.

    The Thermal Earring continuously monitors a user's earlobe temperature, according to the University of Washington (UW) researchers who developed it.

    The earring outperformed a smartwatch at sensing skin temperature during periods of rest, according to results from...

    FDA Panel Tackles Faulty Pulse Oximeter Readings That Come With Darker Skin

    A U.S. Food and Drug Administration advisory panel on Friday addressed a continuing issue with pulse oximeters -- that they give less accurate readings for folks with darker skin.

    The devices are designed to measure oxygen levels in the blood, so correct readings are critical, experts say.

    During its daylong

  • Robin Foster HealthDay Reporter
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  • February 5, 2024
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  • Americans Have Mixed Feelings on Tech, AI in Health Care: Poll

    Americans are cautiously optimistic that AI will be able to improve the health care they receive, a new Cleveland Clinic survey finds.

    About three out of five Americans believe that AI will lead to better heart care, and 65% say they would be comfortable receiving heart advice from AI technology, the

  • Dennis Thompson HealthDay Reporter
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  • February 2, 2024
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  • A Vibrating Capsule You Swallow Might Keep Weight Gain at Bay

    Can't afford Ozempic?

    You might soon have another weight-loss option, in the form of an ingestible vibrating capsule that tricks the body into thinking the stomach is full.

    Animals given the multivitamin-sized pill 20 minutes before eating ate about 40% less than usual, researchers report.

    "For somebody who wants to lose weight or control their appetite, it could be taken befo...

    AI May Predict Survival After Heart Surgery

    A technology from the 19th century meets one from the 21st to better help doctors predict who'll survive a heart surgery.

    Cardiologists from three major U.S. hospitals gathered data from the electrocardiograms (ECGs, invented in 1895) of almost 46,000 patients. They then fed that data into a cutting-edge AI algorithm.

    AI was 83% correct in gauging which patients would still be alive...

    Doctors Are Excited, Concerned About AI's Role in Medicine: Poll

    American physicians have mixed feelings on the advent of artificial intelligence (AI) into mainstream medical practice, a new survey shows.

    The survey of nearly 1,100 doctors, conducted by the American Medical Association (AMA) in August, found 41% of physicians saying they were "equally excited and conc...

    ChatGPT Performs Well as 'Partner' in Diagnosing Patients

    Doctor's brains are great decision-makers, but even the smartest physicians might be well-served with a little diagnostic help from ChatGPT, a new study suggests.

    The main benefit comes from a thinking process known as "probabilistic reasoning" -- knowing the odds that something will (or won't) happen.

    "Humans struggle with probabilistic reasoning, the practice of making decisions b...

    Latest AI Has 100% Success Rate in Spotting Melanomas

    The ability to detect skin cancer using artificial intelligence (AI) software has rapidly improved.

    New research presented Wednesday at a medical conference in Berlin shows that this AI technology now has a 100% detection rate for melanoma, the most serious form of skin cancer.

    In this study, researchers assessed more than 22,000 patients with suspected skin cancers over 2-1/2 years...

    'Liquid Biopsy' Could Help Guide Lung Cancer Treatment

    For a subset of patients with advanced lung cancer, radiation therapy can sometimes substantially extend their lives.

    Now a new study hints that a blood test could be used to identify the people most likely to benefit.

    Right now, there is no way to cure stage 4, or metastatic,...

    Scientists Produce 'Bioprinted' Human Skin for Wound Healing

    People recovering from wounds or severe burns might one day be treated with fully functional "bioprinted"skin created in a lab, a new study suggests.

    Researchers say they "printed"skin samples containing all six major human cell types found in skin.

    The result was multi-layered, full-thickness skin containing all three layers present in normal human tissue: epidermis, dermis and hyp...

    AI Gets High Marks From Doctors in Answering Medical Questions

    The ChatGPT artificial intelligence (AI) program could grow into a source of accurate and comprehensive medical information, but it's not quite ready for prime time yet, a new study reports.

    ChatGPT's responses to more than 280 medical questions across diverse specialties averaged between mostly to almost completely correct, according to a report published online Oct. 2 in

  • Dennis Thompson HealthDay Reporter
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  • October 3, 2023
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  • Humans Outperform AI in Interpreting Chest X-Rays

    AI tools may help boost radiologists' confidence in their diagnoses, but they can't be relied on to identify common lung diseases on chest X-rays, a new study says.

    Researchers pitted 72 radiologists against four commercially AI tools in an analysis of more than 2,000 X-rays. The human experts won, according to results published Sept. 25 in Radiology.

    "Chest radiograp...

    Future of 'Artificial Wombs' for Human Preemies to Be Weighed by FDA Advisors

    Advisors to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration will weigh the possibilities and parameters of experiments with artificial wombs for premature human babies.

    Scientists have already had some success with the concept in animals.

    During a two-day

    ChatGPT Equals Doctors in Diagnosing Emergency Department Patients

    Emergency medicine doctors someday might rely on consultation from artificial intelligence (AI) programs like ChatGPT to help them quickly and accurately diagnose patients' ailments.

    A new study found that ChatGPT performed about as well as human doctors in diagnosing patients, when both are given the same set of clinical information.

    "In the end, they were pretty comparable,"said s...

    Kim Kardashian Just Got a Whole-Body MRI Scan. Should You?

    Whole-body MRI scans are the latest health fad to be promoted by celebrities, with Kim Kardashian taking to Instagram last month to tout the practice.

    But doctors are warning that such whole-body scans, while tempting, are pricey and not all that accurate.

    In fact, the average person is more likely to be unnecessarily harmed by having a whole-body MRI than helped by catching a disea...

    Implant Can Warn Weeks Early That Transplanted Organ Will Be Rejected

    Receiving an organ transplant can be a nerve-wracking, if lifesaving, affair, said Dr. Joaquin Brieva, a kidney transplant recipient.

    "Within two days of my transplant, my kidney function was back to normal, but then you worry about the possibility of ki...

    In a First, Scientists Grow Human Kidneys Inside Pigs

    For the first time ever, a solid humanized organ has been grown from scratch in an animal -- a first step in a process that could potentially solve organ shortages and save countless lives.

    Chinese researchers grew partially human early-stage kidneys inside embryonic pigs, using a variety of genetic engineering techniques, a new report reveals.

    "This study demonstrates proof-of-prin...

    AI Equals Human Radiologists at Interpreting Breast Cancer Scans

    Another study is showing that artificial intelligence (AI) is as good as a specialist doctor in spotting breast cancer on a mammogram. But don't expect computers to take over the job from humans, experts say.

    In a study that compared the mammography-reading skills of an AI tool with those of more than 500 medical professionals, researchers found that it was basically a tie.

    On avera...

    Can You Rely on AI to Answer Questions About Cancer?

    AI might not always be your most accurate source of health information, especially when it comes to cancer care, new research finds.

    Two new studies assessed the quality of responses offered by AI chatbots to a variety of questions about cancer care.

    One, published Aug. 24 in

  • Alan Mozes HealthDay Reporter
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  • August 24, 2023
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  • ALS Robbed Her of Speech, But Technology Is Changing That

    Many people with Lou Gehrig's disease, also called amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), first start to lose the ability to move their arms and legs.

    That's not Pat Bennett. She can move just fine. She can still dress herself, and she can even use her fingers to type.

    But ALS has robbed Bennett, 68, of her ability to speak. She can no longer use the muscles of her lips, tongue, laryn...

    Using Only 'Brain Recordings' From Patients, Scientists Reconstruct a Pink Floyd Song

    The famous Pink Floyd lyrics emerge from sound that is muddy, yet musical:

    "All in all, it was just a brick in the wall."

    But this particular recording didn't come from the 1979 album "The Wall," or from a Pink Floyd concert.

    Instead, researchers created it from the reconstituted brainwaves of people listening to the song "Another Brick in the Wall, Part 1."

    This is...

    TENS Device Could Ease Sleep Apnea, Freeing Patients From CPAP

    A small battery-operated device long used as a treatment for pain may also help patients with sleep apnea, a British study suggests.

    Sleep apnea is a condition that impedes breathing during sleep, reduces oxygen intake and undermines sleep itself.

    The remedy: zapping sleepers with continuous but controlled electric pulses to open obstructed airways, improve breathing and restore sle...

    'Brain Zap' Therapy Shows Promise in Quieting Childhood ADHD Without Meds

    A new brain-zapping technology may help ease the symptoms of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children without some of the side effects stimulant medications can cause, a small, preliminary study suggests.

    Marked by trouble concentrating, sitting still and/or controlling impulsive behaviors, ADHD affects about 5.3 million children, according to Children and Adults with A...

    AI-Assisted Mammograms Could Be a Big Advance: Study

    Artificial intelligence (AI) programs can safely be used to help radiologists review mammogram images and detect breast cancers, early results from an ongoing clinical trial show.

    A single radiologist aided by AI wound up detecting about 20% more breast cancers from mammogram images than two radiologists working together, according to a report in the August issue of The Lancet Oncolog...

    New Ultrasound Patch Spots Tiny Breast Abnormalities in Early Trial

    Scientists have developed a wearable ultrasound patch that might eventually allow women to monitor themselves for early signs of breast cancer in the comfort of their home.

    The achievement, reported July 28 in the journal Science Advances, is the latest in a broader research effort to make wearable ultrasound a reality.

    The hope is to one day use such portable technology t...

    Step Counts Aren't Just for the Healthy: They Also Help Heart Failure Patients

    Wearable devices like smartwatches continually track physical activity, urging folks to take more daily steps for their health.

    Now, a new study suggests this gentle technological nagging could be of great benefit to people whose hearts are giving out.

    Heart failure patients who get between 1,000 and 5,000 steps a day have significantly improved symptoms and fewer physical limitatio...

    Imaging Technology May Make Radiation Safer for Prostate Cancer Patients

    A technique that uses imaging technology as a guide can make radiation therapy safer for patients undergoing treatment for prostate cancer, a new research review finds.

    The technology enables clinicians to accurately aim the radiation beams at the prostate, while avoiding bladder, urethra and rectal tissue. This, in turn, reduces short-term side effects for patients, according to research...

    AI Came Close to Residents, Medical Students With Clinical Reasoning in Studies

    ChatGPT may have some of the reasoning skills doctors need to diagnose and treat health problems, a pair of studies suggests -- though no one is predicting that chatbots will replace humans in lab coats.

    In one study, researchers found that -- with the rig...

    B 7/12 -- New Bionic Hand Implant Allows Control of All Fingers

    A multinational team of engineers and surgeons has developed a bionic hand with a high level of function in every finger -- a significant advance for amputees.

    The team, from the United States, Sweden, Australia and Italy, developed a way to reconfigure what remains of a patient's limb. Then, they integrated sensors and a skeletal implant to connect with a prosthesis both electrically an...

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