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15 Feb

Children Exposed to ADHD Meds During Pregnancy Are Not at Increased Risk for Neurodevelopmental Disorders, Study Finds

Taking ADHD medication during pregnancy does not raise the odds of ADHD, autism, or other neurodevelopmental disorders in children, according to researchers.

Health News Results - 638

New Clues to What Might Drive Tinnitus

Tinnitus, or "ringing in the ears," affects up to 1 in every 10 people and can be disabling for some.

Now, scientists at the Massachusetts Ear and Eye Infirmary believe they may have discovered a key cause of the condition: A degeneration of nerves crucial to hearing.

“We won’t be able to cure tinnitus until we fully understand the mechanisms underlying its genesis. This work is...

Brain Inflammation May Trigger Alzheimer's-Linked Anger, Anxiety

Alzheimer’s patients are notoriously irritable, agitated and anxious – and researchers now think they know why.

Brain inflammation appears to influence the mood problems of Alzheimer’s patients, rather than traditional markers of the disease like amyloid beta or tau proteins, researchers report in the Nov. 27 issue of the journal

  • Dennis Thompson HealthDay Reporter
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  • November 29, 2023
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  • Could a 'Brain Coach' Help Folks at Higher Risk for Alzheimer's?

    Personal trainers can help people increase their strength and their fitness.

    Could a “brain coach” be just as useful in preventing Alzheimer’s’ disease?

    A new study suggests that personalized health and lifestyle changes can delay or even prevent memory loss for older adults at high risk of Alzheimer’s or dementia.

    People who received personal coaching experienced a ...

    Solving the Mystery of Why Red Wine Gives Some Folks Headaches

    Countless corks will pop and wine will flow freely during the upcoming holiday season, but some people will pay a price for even the slightest bit of revelry.

    For those unlucky folks, drinking red wine even in small amounts causes a headache, typically within 30 minutes to three hours after imbibing just a small glass.

    But researchers now think they’ve cracked the mystery of why s...

    Teens With Multiple Concussions Face Higher Risk of Suicidal Thoughts

    TUESDAY, Nov. 21, 2023 (HealthDay News) — A year after suffering a concussion, teens, especially boys, are more likely than their peers to think about, plan and even attempt suicide, new research finds.

    With more concussions, the risk grows. 

    Teen boys who reported two or more concussions in the past year were two times more likely to report a suicide attempt than those who h...

    One Part of Your Brain Could Point to the Mind's Decline

    Shrinkage of one of the brain's key memory centers appears to herald thinking declines, a new study finds.

    The region in question is the hippocampus, a two-sided structure located roughly above each ear and embedded deep within the brain's temporal lobe. It's long been known to play a crucial role in the storage and transference of short- and long-term memory.

    The new research was ...

    Low-fat Diets Battle Fatigue for Folks With MS

    TUESDAY, Nov. 14, 2023 (HealthDay News) — Researchers have found a remedy for the debilitating fatigue faced by many patients with multiple sclerosis (MS): A low-fat diet.

    "The results reinforced what we had seen before," said study leader Dr. Vijayshree Yadav, director of the Multiple Sclerosis Center at Ore...

    Blood Test Might Predict Worsening of MS

    One issue hampering the care of people with multiple sclerosis is assessing just how quickly the neurological illness might progress.

    Now, a team at the University of California, San Francisco (UCSF), say they've spotted at test that could help do just that.

    Blood tests showing elevated levels of Nfl, a "biomarker" indicating nerve damage, seemed to predict with high accuracy a wors...

    Scientists Create Device That Can Isolate Blood Flow to Brain

    An experimental device that isolates blood flow to the brain has the potential to revolutionize brain research.

    The device redirects the brain’s blood supply through a pump that maintains or adjusts a range of variables necessary to maintain the organ, including blood pressure, temperature, oxygenation and nutrients, researchers report.

    When tested on a pig brain, the device maint...

    Blood Test Measures ALS Risk From Environmental Toxins

    Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, better known as ALS, is debilitating and has no cure.

    Now, researchers at the University of Michigan have developed an environmental risk score that will allow them to assess a person’s risk for developing ALS, as well as their survival after diagnosis.

    Toxins such as pesticides and carcinogenic PCBs affect a person's risk of developing and dying fr...

    This is Your Brain on Zoom

    You might be talking to a real person while on Zoom, but it's just not the same to your brain as a face-to-face conversation.

    New research using sophisticated imaging tools found that the brain activity of people engaged in conversation looks dif...

    Seniors, 18 Holes of Golf Might Make You Smarter

    Want to do something to protect your thinking skills as you age? Swing that golf club or go for a walk.

    A new study found that walking about 3.7 miles or playing 18 holes of golf improved cognitive function. Nordic walking, a type of full-body walking using poles, showed the same benefit.

    “These findings underscore the value of age-appropriate aerobic exercise, such as golf, Nordi...

    Blood Pressure's Ups & Downs Could Harm Heart, Brain

    Fluctuating blood pressure can be a harbinger for both dementia and heart disease, a new study finds.

    Ups and downs within 24 hours or even over several days or weeks were linked with impaired thinking, researchers from Australia reported.

    Higher variations in systolic blood pressure, the top number, were linked with stiffening of the arteries, which is associated with heart disease...

    Serotonin May Play Big Role in Long COVID

    New research has uncovered evidence that remnants of the COVID-19 virus may remain in some patients' guts for months, contributing to the lingering symptoms known as long COVID.

    The remnants appear to trigger a drop in levels of the chemical serotonin, which may explain such symptoms as fatigue, brain fog and memory loss.

    About 20% of people who have had COVID-19 infections have sy...

    Human 'Brain Cell Atlas' Brings New Insight Into Brain Health, Illness

    After a massive five-year effort, researchers have unveiled an “atlas” that gives an unprecedented look at the intricacies of the human brain.

    The atlas, which will be available to researchers everywhere, can be seen as similar to the atlases we all know: a book of maps.

    But this one catalogues human br...

    New Clues to How Inflammation in Young Children's Brains Might Spur Autism

    Severe inflammation very early in childhood might hamper the development of key brain cells, perhaps setting the stage for conditions such as autism or schizophrenia, new research suggests.

    The origins of many neurodevelopment disorders remain mysterious. But the new study of postmortem brain tissue from children who died between the ages 1 and 5 shows how inflammation affects brain cells...

    Medical Groups Issue Consensus Definition of Brain Death

    A new guideline from four leading medical organizations should help doctors determine if someone is brain dead.

    “Until now, there have been two separate guidelines for determining brain death, one for adults and one for children,” said author Dr. Matthew Kirschen, a critical care physician at the Childr...

    Some Antidepressants Take Weeks to Kick In, and Scientists May Now Know Why

    Most folks know that certain antidepressants have to be taken for a few weeks before people start seeing improvement, and now a new study sheds light on that delay.

    Scientists have discovered this is because of physical changes in the brain that unfold over those first few weeks of using selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) and lead to greater brain plasticity.

    SSRIs incl...

    Narcolepsy Drug Might Be New Treatment Option for ADHD

    A medication already approved for excessive daytime sleepiness may help ease attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms in adults who aren't getting relief from available treatments, according to a small pilot study.

    Solriamfetol is a nonstimulant drug that is approved for sleepiness caused by narcolepsy (sudden sleep attacks) and obstructive sleep apnea (marked by bre...

    Experimental Drug Could Rein in Epilepsy Seizures

    For people with tough-to-treat epilepsy, seizures can be both frightening and dangerous, but a new experimental pill may bring significant relief to over one-third of them.

    Dubbed XEN1101, the new drug reduced the frequency of seizures by more than 50%, or even eliminated them, in some patients with focal epilepsy who did not respond to an average of six other drugs.

    "I am predictin...

    Wegovy, Ozempic Help Folks Lose Weight, But How?

    As many doctors and patients hail the advent of weight-loss drugs like Ozempic and Wegovy as the perfect fix for obesity, some experts are urging caution.

    The drugs are not well-tolerated by everyone struggling with obesity. For some folks, the weight piles back on as soon as the medication stops. There are also financial and ethical considerations, according to a commentary published onl...

    Woman Resistant to Alzheimer's Helps Inspire New Way to Fight the Disease

    Researchers have developed an antibody that can reduce Alzheimer's-like brain damage in lab mice — inspired by the case of one woman with remarkable resistance to the disease.

    The work, by researchers at Mass General Brigham, Harvard Medical School in Boston, and elsewhere, began a few years ago, with the case of a woman in Colombia who had shown "extreme protection" from Alzheimer's di...

    Could Living Football Players Be Overdiagnosed for CTE?

    Former pro football players with symptoms of depression or anxiety are far more likely to receive an unverifiable diagnosis of chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE) than players without those mental health conditions, a new study reports.

    Players with depression are 9.5 times more likely to be diagnosed with CTE, while players with both depression and anxiety are 12 times more likely, th...

    Brains of Patients With Post-Op Delirium Could Be More Vulnerable

    Delirium is common after older patients have surgery and can cause serious complications and distress, but its cause has been a mystery.

    New research has found that patients who develop postoperative delirium have increased openings in the blood-brain barrier, the layer of cells that prevent substances from entering the brain.

    “These findings are significant because we now have a ...

    Estrogen Could Be Key to Women's Brain Health

    Being exposed to more estrogen throughout life -- or a longer reproductive life span -- may be good for the brain, according to new research that found a lower risk of cerebral small vessel disease in women who had more cumulative exposure.

    Cerebral small vessel disease happens from damage to small blood vessels in the brain. It can increase the risk of thinking impairments and dementia....

    Stem Cell Treatment Halts MS for Some Patients

    A new study is strengthening the evidence that stem cell transplants can be highly effective for some people with multiple sclerosis -- sending the disease into remission for years, and sometimes reversing disability.

    Researchers found that of 174 MS patients who underwent stem cell transplants -- with cells from their own blood -- two-thirds had no evidence of "disease activity" over 10 ...

    What Is 'Sexsomnia'? And 'Sleep Eating'? Can They Be Treated?

    Everyone's seen a movie or TV show featuring someone sleepwalking -- eyes half-lidded, bumbling around, tripping over furniture.

    But sleepwalkers are actually capable of much more complex behaviors during their restless slumber, a new paper says.

    During sleep some people can engage in sex ('sexsomnia'), pig out on junk food, try to cook, have a lively conversation or even hop in the...

    40% of Patients Recall Some Consciousness During Near Death Experiences

    People have long talked about having near-death experiences in which they felt they were looking down on themselves while others tried to save them.

    Now, researchers have documented some of those experiences. In a study published online recently in the journal Resuscitation,...

    Across America, Many Who Need a Neurologist Live Too Far From Care

    Many Medicare patients can't get help close to home for brain and nervous system issues.

    Nearly 1 in 5 Medicare recipients in the United States live at least 50 miles from their neurologist.

    “Our study found a substantial travel burden exists for some people with neurologic conditions, including people living in areas with fewer neurologists and rural areas,” said study author <...

    Even a Mild Head Injury Raises the Odds for Stroke

    Any head injury — even a mild one — raises a person's risk of later having an ischemic stroke.

    Having multiple injuries increases that risk, even more so than the severity of a single traumatic brain injury (TBI), researchers report.

    "Our study found that those who experience two or more head injuries, including even mild head injuries, are at higher risk of subsequent ischemic...

    Gene Test Spots Those Vulnerable to Rare but Severe Side Effect of Drugs for MS, Other Conditions

    A large number of drugs used to treat everything from multiple sclerosis to blood cancers to rheumatoid arthritis may cause a rare but often-fatal condition called progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML).

    But a simple genetic test can determine who has a 10-fold higher risk for developing this condition, which means those patients could discuss safer treatment options with their ...

    Dementia Risk Rises as Activity Rates Fall

    Bolstering the notion that a strong body equals a strong mind, new research indicates that the more inactive seniors are, the higher their risk for dementia.

    The finding stems from a look at the onset of dementia among nearly 50,000 Brits.

    All were at least 60 years old when information about typical daily activity routines was entered into the UK Biobank database at some point betw...

    An Exercise-Induced Hormone Might Help Protect Against Alzheimer's

    Therapies based on a hormone people make while exercising may be the next frontier in treating Alzheimer's disease, according to a new study.

    Researchers have found that the exercise-induced hormone irisin may reduce both the plaque and the tau tangles characteristic of the disease.

    Before this, this same team developed the first 3D human cell culture models of Alzheimer's disease, ...

    In Twins Study, Concussions in Early Life Tied to Memory Issues Decades Later

    Your thinking and memory skills may take a hit decades after recovering from a concussion, a new study indicates.

    Scientists who studied male twins, from an average age of 67, found that earlier concussions were tied to lower scores on tests of thinking and memory. These men also had a more rapid decline in their cognitive skills — skills needed for reasoning and the acquisition o...

    Mitch McConnell's Recent Episodes Weren't Strokes or Seizures, Capitol Doc Says

    The two "freezing" episodes that Sen. Mitch McConnell experienced recently weren't strokes or seizures, the Capitol physician said in a new letter released Tuesday.

    “My examination of you following your August 30, 2023, brief episode included several medical evaluations: brain MRI imaging, EEG study and consultations...

    Blood Test Might Help Diagnose Parkinson's Disease Much Earlier

    As it stands, no one blood test or brain scan can definitively diagnose Parkinson's disease.

    But researchers report this may soon change if a new blood test continues to show promise.

    The test measures DNA damage in the mitochondria of cells, which is known to be higher in people with Parkinson's disease. Earlier research from the same group also showed there is an accumulation of m...

    Taking Statins After 'Bleeding' Stroke Could Help Prevent Another Stroke

    Taking cholesterol-lowering statin medication after a bleeding stroke, or intracerebral hemorrhage, may lower the risk of a subsequent stroke caused by a blood clot, according to new research.

    “Previous research has had mixed results on the risk of stroke in people who are taking statins and have already had a bleeding stroke, so we evaluated this further,” said study a...

    Doctors Pulled Live Worm From Australian Woman's Brain

    Doctors plucked a wriggling roundworm from the brain of an Australian woman in the world's first-known case of human infection with a parasite common in some pythons.

    The woman, who had been experiencing worsening symptoms for at least a year, is believed to have gotten the infection from foraging and eating grasses where a snake had defecated.

    "This is the first-ever human case of ...

    Autopsy Study of Athletes Who Died Young Shows Many Had Signs of CTE

    The degenerative brain disease known as chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE) may be striking some at much younger ages than thought possible: New research has uncovered early signs of the condition in amateur athletes who died young after playing contact sports.

    The troubling finding was discovered during the brain autopsies of 152 athletes. All had engaged in the type of sports, such a...

    Adult Education Classes Could Be a Buffer Against Alzheimer's

    Older people who take adult education classes may lower their risk for dementia, including Alzheimer's disease, Japanese research suggests.

    Middle-aged folks and older people in adult education classes had a 19% lower risk of developing dementia within five years, the researchers found.

    "We also found that nonverbal reasoning performance was well preserved in the adults taking educa...

    Gut Troubles Could Be Early Signal of Parkinson's Disease

    It might not seem like constipation or difficulty swallowing could signal a neurological problem, but new research suggests that these gut conditions could be an early indicator of Parkinson's disease.

    Gastrointestinal symptoms are also thought to precede the development of cerebrovascular disease, including stroke, brain aneurysm or Alzheimer's disease. It has previously been suggested t...

    Extreme Heat Taxes the Brain, and Some Face Higher Risks

    With 2023 predicted to be the hottest year on record, a new study is pointing to another potential consequence of heat waves: faster declines in older adults' memory and thinking skills.

    The study, of nearly 9,500 older U.S. adults, found that those with greater exposure to heat waves over 12 year...

    What Is That Ice Cream-Induced 'Brain Freeze,' Anyway?

    Anyone who has quickly slurped up a milkshake or chomped on a snow cone knows the sharp, brief pain of "brain freeze."

    Its cause is a mystery, but it's not harmful, according to experts at University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center in Dallas.

    “It is very common and happens more frequently in children,” said

  • Cara Murez HealthDay Reporter
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  • August 24, 2023
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  • ALS Robbed Her of Speech, But Technology Is Changing That

    Many people with Lou Gehrig's disease, also called amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), first start to lose the ability to move their arms and legs.

    That's not Pat Bennett. She can move just fine. She can still dress herself, and she can even use her fingers to type.

    But ALS has robbed Bennett, 68, of her ability to speak. She can no longer use the muscles of her lips, tongue, laryn...

    Does Smoking Change the Teenage Brain?

    Teens' desire to start smoking, and later to keep smoking, may be linked to differences in gray matter in their brains, a new study reveals.

    Researchers found that reduced gray matter in the left frontal lobe was found in kids who started smoking by age 14. This area is involved in decision-making and rule-breaking.

    Once they started smoking, they also had reduced gray matter in th...

    Gene Study Reveals Brain's Complex Organization

    The brain is a complex organ, and a new study — believed to be the largest ever on the brain's genetics — identifies more than 4,000 genetic variants linked to brain structure.

    The research, involving some 36,000 brain scans, was led by a team at the University of Cambridge in England.

    Brains are quite varied in terms of overall volume, how the brain is folded and how thick the ...

    Most Alzheimer's Patients May Be Ineligible for Newly Approved Drugs

    Two recently approved treatments offer newfound hope for patients in the early stages of Alzheimer's disease, but most people who could benefit will likely be deemed ineligible, a new study finds.

    Alzheimer's affects about 6.7 million Americans age 65 and older. But only about 8% to 17% of older adults with early signs of the disease meet the eligibility criteria as determined by cl...

    Uncovering Hidden Consciousness in Comatose Brains

    Some patients with acute brain injuries can't respond to verbal commands, making them appear to be unconscious though they still have some level of awareness.

    Researchers recently studied this hidden consciousness to better understand this puzzling phenomenon.

    “Our study suggests that patients with hidden consciousness can hear and comprehend verbal commands, but they cannot carry...

    Using Only 'Brain Recordings' From Patients, Scientists Reconstruct a Pink Floyd Song

    The famous Pink Floyd lyrics emerge from sound that is muddy, yet musical:

    “All in all, it was just a brick in the wall.”

    But this particular recording didn't come from the 1979 album "The Wall," or from a Pink Floyd concert.

    Instead, researchers created it from the reconstituted brainwaves of people listening to the song “Another Brick in the Wall, Part 1.”

    'Magic Mushroom' Drug Psilocybin Shows Early Promise in Easing Migraines

    Psilocybin, the active ingredient in "magic" mushrooms, is getting renewed interest as a potential treatment for various health conditions. Now, a new research review argues that migraines should be added to that list.

    Psilocybin mushrooms have long been used recreationally as hallucinogens -- meaning they alter users' perceptions of their surroundings. That can lead to euphoria on one en...

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